Both Roman Catholic and Quiverfull theology interpret Genesis creation and post-Noahic flood passages to "be fruitful and multiply" (see Genesis ; 9:7) as commandments rather than only actions that result in blessings.They both consider childbearing both a duty and blessing of marriage, and extoll the blessedness and beneficial results of having children.Quiverfull is a relatively recent natalistic movement among conservative evangelical Protestant Christian couples, chiefly in the United States, who believe children should be eagerly accepted as blessings from God.The movement eschews all forms of contraception, including natural family planning and sterilization.All Quiverfull adherents agree that God's normative ideal for happy, healthy and prosperous married couples is to take no voluntary actions to prevent having children. A minority of Quiverfull adherents, such as represented by Samuel Owen (1990), consider that there may be aspects of a fallen universe that sometimes justify an option to use a non-potentially abortive birth control method.
In reality, however, most Quiverfull families do not become that large because general health problems or infertility may intervene, or the couple may have married later in life, or the decision to stop using birth control may have come later in the marriage.
The movement was sparked after the 1985 publication of Mary Pride’s book The Way Home: Beyond Feminism, Back to Reality.
In her book, Pride chronicled her journey away from feminist and anti-natalist ideas of happiness, within which she had lived as an activist before her Christian conversion in 1977, toward her discovery of happiness surrounding what she felt was the Biblically mandated role of wives and mothers as bearers of children and workers in the home under the authority of their husband.
Others might refer to Quiverfull as simply natalism. Some of the beliefs held among Quiverfull adherents have been held among various Christians during prior eras of history.
Initially, all Christian movements opposed the use of birth control.