The southernmost of the Scandinavian nations, Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until 1814, Denmark–Norway.
In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the First Schleswig War.
After the Second Schleswig War in 1864, Denmark lost the Duchy of Schleswig to Prussia.
Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs.
Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948; in Greenland home rule was established in 1979 and further autonomy in 2009.
The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, and main commercial centre.
Denmark has close ties to its Scandinavian neighbours also linguistically, with the Danish language being partially mutually intelligible with both Norwegian and Swedish.
Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and socially developed countries in the world.
The government announced just over a year ago a number of initiatives aimed at tackling online sex offences.
According to information presented by the government at the time, 17 percent of males and 20 percent of females between the ages of 15-25 sent or posted online an explicit image or video of themselves.
During the Pre-Roman Iron Age (500 BC – AD 1), native groups began migrating south, and the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, The Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, and Roman coins have been found in Denmark.