Dating salmon postcards
..." Source: Information signs, Twin Bridges Museum, Lyle, Washington, visited September 2015. that ten nations live on this river and its waters, on buries, and what game that Can kill with their Bow & arrows we purchased 4 dogs and Set out- (this village is the of the Same nation of the one we last passed) and proceeded on The Countrey on each side begin to be thicker timbered with Pine and low white Oake; verry rockey and broken a thick timbered bottom above & back of those houses; those are the first houses which we have Seen on the South Side of the Columbia River, (and the axess to those dificuelt) for fear of the approach of their common enemies the Snake Indians, passed 14 houses on the Std.Penny Postcard: Sheep waiting for ferry, Klickitat Landing, Washington, 1899. Penny Postcard: Sheep waiting for ferry, Klickitat Landing, Washington, 1899. , here we landed to Smoke a pipe with the nativs and examine the mouth of the river, which I found to be 60 yards wide rapid and deep, The inhabitants of the village are friendly and Chearfull; those people inform us also those at the last village that this little river is long and full of falls, no Salmon pass up it, it runs from N. Side Scattered on the bank- from the mouth of this little river which we shall Call Labeasche River [On the route map (Moulton, vol.1, map#78) a "C___ Spring" is shown on the north side of the river, today the location of Spring Creek and Spring Creek Fish Hatchery, with no mention of it in any text.The oldest known North American date nail is a 97 from the Mississippi River & Bonne Terre.It was in 1899 that major railroads began using nails to date ties with nails ... It peaked in the early 1930s with over a hundred different railroads using date nails in 1931.Penny Postcard, Image 1899, Postcard ca.1910, "Ferrying Sheep, Columbia River, Ore.". Published by the International Postcard Company, Portland, Oregon. Penny Postcard, Image 1899, Postcard ca.1910, "Ferrying Sheep, Columbia River, Ore.". Published by the International Postcard Company, Portland, Oregon. On the south side, at the location of Wah Gwin Gwin Falls, only "Cascade" is labeled and "4 Houses of Indians".] in which I Saw Great numbers of Small Swan, Capt. Here the mountains are high on each Side, those to the Lard.
The data also showed that the largest Chinook salmon – fish that can weigh almost as much as a person – were once commonplace but are now rare or nonexistent.
Since the 1970s, according to the study, various northern-living populations of resident killer whales have doubled or tripled, bringing their numbers in the northeast Pacific – prime Chinook foraging habitat in Alaskan and Canadian waters – to an estimated 2,300.
Not only do these populations of resident orcas feed almost entirely on salmon, but scientists have that they tend to target the biggest Chinook salmon they can find while practically ignoring younger, smaller fish.
In these areas, a great deal of the fish’s freshwater spawning habitat has been lost, causing many coho and Chinook runs to vanish and leaving others critically endangered.
In many river systems, hatcheries are necessary to maintain populations.
So important are salmon to southern resident killer whales that the “People tend to have these conservation goals where everything is abundant, and that just may not be possible,” Schindler noted.