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Among those to whom especial thanks are due for valuable assistance in this work a very prominent place must be given to Mr. Foster, of Riverhead, has been long identified with the Agricultural Soci- ety and the Historical Society of Suffolk County. Epher Whitaker, a valuable mass of historical matter, have been freely drawn upon, with the permission of that eminently scholarly writer. It sheltered from time to time the highest dignitaries and most emment men in the land — Governors, Judges, lawyers and clergy- men. This little surplus, by careful saving, made many of them rich, and" placerl nearly all in comfortable circumstances.William Wallace Tooker, of Sag Harbor, whose learned researches in regard to the Indian language have given his name a well deserved prominence. Ackerley, for many years Clerk of Suffolk County, we owe many thanks for free permission to examine his volumes of copies of ancient deeds and docu- ments which he has been collecting for long years, furnishing material that cannot be found elsewhere. This work has been greatly benefited by his contributions, and he well deserves the thanks of all sons of Suffolk County. The earlier chapters of this volume, including those pertaining to the present Nassau County, and the chapter of War history, are from the pen of Captain F. Hedley, of the editorial staif, a most capable writer, with whom the association of the writer has been most harmonious. ®6e Come ye who have gone forth from this fair Isle, To win friends, fortune, fame — in other climes — Back to your early haunts and homes awhile, Unroll with us the records of old times; Call to the fresh young hours now fleeting fast, 'Ho, hurrying train, what of the dim old Past? Why seek to stay The rushing Present, with such bootless quest ? These were the newsbeai'ers and oracles of the day, and their presence attracted the prin- cipal men of the neighborhood, who gathered to listen to their utterances, and to enter into discussion upon events present and impending. The representatives of these old families cling affectionately to the ancestral acres; and it is not unusual to find a lineal descendant of the first settler of the name still residing on the old homestead, which in several instances is held by a deed running back to the first settlem|ent of 66 HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND.;i 3Itl;aca, Hera ^ork BOUGHT WITH THE INCOME OF THE JACOB H. II THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY New York and Chicago 1905 INTRODUCTION PON the writer of this has devolved the task of editing the present or second volume of the ** History of Long Island." While overseeing and aiding in all, his principal labor has been that connected with the history of his native county of Suffolk. The Duke's Laws also provided for a military establishment, and the regulations were minute and elaborate. In Brookhaven, on December lo, 1686, the townsmen voted "that Cristofer Swaine be admitted and incouraged as a smith for this town, and that a shop shall OLD SCHOOL HOUSE.SCHIFF ENDOWMENT FOR THE PROMOTION* OF STUDIES IN HUMAN CIVILIZATION 1918 CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 3 1924 070 695 709 '/^Z Cornell University Library The original of this book is in the Cornell University Library. In this field it has been his chief desire and plan not to follow and repeat former histories, but to add as much new material as possible, and the reader must judge as to the degree of success which has crowned his effort. — In Suffolk County, 162; at Patchogue, 277; at Greenport, 427. "Every male over sixteen years of age and under sixty years was to provide THE COUNTIES OF NASSAU AND SUFFOLK. The captain every three months or oftener examined the arms ; if these were not up to the 'standard required, the delinquents were feed 40 :&hillings, and if the fine was not paid they might be put in the stocks. ing his character, and providing him with that mental equipment which enabled him to take an honorable and useful position among men.Oyster Bay — Early Land Grants — The Rise of Churches — Home of President Roosevelt — Glen Cove and Other Villages 127 CHAPTER VII. This paper is "SO richly appropriate in sentiment and verbiage that it is well worth preserving: "Honest Dear Commons. Remonstrance was made as to horses, and the values were reduced to about one-third, and the complaint was yet made that this was heyond the real market value.Suffolk County — Its Early History — Primitive Manufactures — Visit of Washington — Churches and Schools — The Long Island Bible Society — Education — The Rev. Notwithstand- ing the Great God and Righteous Judge, has in the past year, on account of our sins (among which not the least are our ingratitude for re- ceived favors, blessings and protection; against foreign and domestic enemies) severely visited this province in general and many inhabitants in particular, with dire pestilences and unheard of fevers, diseases and afflictions in some places^ with unexpected rains and floods in isummer, by which the crops were destroyed, in others with too much drouth and heat of the sun through which the products of the fields were scorched and well nigh ruined ; besides which other visita- tions, if not punishments ; still as a ]\Ierciful and gracious Father he has thoug'hts of commisera- tion for ii^s in the midst of his Righteous Judg- ments, by blessing this province in general and many inhabitants in particular with great favor ^benefaction, not the least among which are the turning aside and cure of the above named strange diseases and fevers, the continuance and needed rest and peace in the mia-st of many THE COUNTIES OF NASSAU AND SUFFOLK. In addition, an assessment of £18 was made as a poll tax — probably upon each adult male.The Counties of Nassau and Suffolk — Characteristics of the Pioneer Colonists — The Town Meeting and Early Courts — The Primitive Church and School — Early Industries — The Home of Long Ago and that of To-Day ' , : 49 CHAPTER III. Of the old meeting-house itself, it is to be said that, according to a neighborhood tradition, it was pri- marily built for town purposes. D., Brooklyn, 1843- 51; Rev, Jonathan Greenleaf, D. The conditions of the colonists may be dis- cerned in some degree from the tables of prop- erty values as returned for taxation — ^these show- ing, at least, of what they were possessed.Nassau County — Its Organization — The Queens-Nassau Agricultural Association 74 CHAPTER IV. It passed into decay, but the spiritual light kindled within its walls survived its fall, to illuminate other neigh- borhoods and other generations of worshippers. The principal occupation was farming, and the prod- ucts were mainly corn and cattle.
The Bibliography of the County is a most interesting and valuable addi- tion to our knowledge on that subject. Always on an important line of travel, it was m many cases a terminal or relay point for travelers, and its customers were therefore numerous. public buildings, cer- tain prestige as the place of assembly for courts and local boards of officers, and for the holding of elections. Their well-tilled farms afforded them d good living, and in most instances a small yearly income besides.Another consideration wh'ich presents itself is the fact that the greatly increased advantages for education, as afforded by Academies and their successors, the Union Schools, have pro- duced a vastly increased number of intelligent readers able to fully appreciate the labor and importance of historical research. The "training day'' 'had a pernicious influ- ence, and, at a later day, the tavern and the fair afforded occasion and excuse for such conduct by those lewd fellows of the baser sort who by and by crept in, as was viewed with reproba- tion iby the orderly portion of the community. Three years later they were authorized by the legislative assembly, and were permitted for three days in each of the months of May and October. Thus, in Brookhaven, on October lo, 1664, eighteen of the principal inhabitants agreed that if one Lane would build a substantial mill and keep it in repair for the grinding of the town's corn, they would erect a strong dam, and also pay him twenty shillings a lot for the proprietary rights which they represented.Among the new material contained in this volume may be mentioned the very ex- tended accounts of the Patentship of Moriches and of all the region on the south side of Long Island from East Hampton to the former Queens County. These were intended for the purpose of affording farmers an opportunity of meet- ing for the exdiange of products, mostly domes- tic animals, in imitation of the old Englisih coun- try fashion. Further, he was to have absolute possession of the mill and dam, and was to have a tollage of two quarts in every bushel of English grain, and a pint in every bushel of Indian corn.To him also we are indebted for most of the information "concern- ing the early newspapers and books issued in the early days. The chapter on Catholic Church history is from a contribution by Marc F Vallette, LL. Ask the gray gravestones crumbling in decay, Who sleep beneath, in deep and dreamless rest? Strong men of giant minds, and stalwart mould, By goading wrongs to daring deeds impelled, Patient of toil — in danger calm and bold — Wise, wary, watchful, weighing all things well, Men whose stern will oppression could not quell. The tavern keeper, by reason of his more inti- mate acquaintance with his distinguished guests, to whose comfort he ministered with scrupulous care and much tact, was a man of commanding importance in the neighborhood, and the ex- ample which he set in liis personal conduct found many ready imitators. the country and attested by the curious signs of the Indian chiefs.D., President of the Brooklyn Catholic Historical Society, and a writer of acknowledged credibility. Ask tireless ocean, booming on the shore, Who trod these wave-washed sands in days of yore ? ■'Neath these gray stones, who sleep in dreamless rest? But the few brawlers and wrongdoers were not the makers of the conmiunity. The interior of Long Island, too, has had many representatives in the great cities and other busy marts of commerce and industry, as the farmers have been in the habit of encouraging- some of their sons to fifthemselves for business pursuits.
AH other persons who settled in the towns were not owners, but simply neighbors, and had no share in the undivided lands unless they purchased such a part. Law was practically abrogated during the fair, all persons being privileged from arrest, except for offenses committed against the crown or for flagrant crime on the spot. Four cows, one two-year-old heifer, one two- year-old bull, four yearlings.