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Sometimes mounds are referred to as temple-mounds, in recognition that some had buildings atop them that were used for civic-ceremonial activities, instead of merely being the residence of a leader or chief.a prehistoric period generally characterized by the development of agriculture, use of ceramics, and the manufacture of technically advanced stone tools; the term is applied worldwide, not just in the Americas a geochemical dating technique that determines the age of an obsidian artifact by measuring how deep water molecules have been absorbed into the fresh surface of the flake or tool The hydration process is affected by temperature, specific characteristics of that particular obsidian, etc., making obsidian hydration dating sometimes difficult to interpret.someone who takes artifacts from sites for non-scientific reasons, such as to add to their collection or to sell Pot hunting on federal and most state lands is illegal.In Georgia, it’s also illegal to pot hunt on private lands without the written permission of the landowner.The foundation of this glossary is the one assembled for the 2001 special issue of the study of humans and their cultural behavior from a holistic perspective, involving (in New World academics) these four sub-fields: archaeology, cultural anthropology, linguistics, and physical anthropology the study of past human culture by analyzing the material remains (sites and artifacts) people left behind; the science of archaeology involves recording, interpreting, and recreating past human life changes in the soil due to natural processes done by living things, which include the action of roots, worms, and digging creatures, etc.These processes cause the movement of and changes to artifacts and features after deposition.a technique used to date material remains based on the rate at which radioactive potassium reverts to argon when it decays; potassium-argon dating is useful on remains that are too old to be dated by radiocarbon methods (e.g., more than about 50,000 years old) refers to aboriginal occupations of the New World that date to the time before Paleoindian or Clovis times Although somewhat controversial, evidence is mounting that humans occupied the Americas before Paleoindian times.refers to stone points that were attached to spears or arrows, or stone tools used as a knife.
Likewise, the edge of a roof can produce a drip line, if there’s nothing to divert the rainwater (e.g., a gutter).
after an artifact or place is abandoned, it can be affected by many types of disturbance processes, e.g., percolating rainwater, erosion, digging creatures, later human occupation including being trampled underfoot, etc.
a small but distinct linear pattern in the soil that forms when rainwater is focused to drip in certain places; they are an example of a disturbance process A tree with a dense crown of leaves can have a drip line around its outer extent.
a cultural period from about 12,000-10,000 BP characterized by cooperative gathering and hunting, and the high mobility of small groups (bands) of people The Paleoindian (sometimes Palaeoindian) period is the first widely identifiable culture in the New World.
a hole that is dug to receive an upright timber for a building, wall, or other structure As the structure decays, traces of the posts are left in the soil, usually seen as a stain (the post) within a stain (the hole), if well preserved (see feature).